Understanding Construction Costs

3 Main Types Of Epoxy Floor Coatings

Epoxy floor coatings are designed to protect your floors from discoloration, water damage, and other environmental threats. Though typically used on concrete, epoxy coatings can be applied to a wide range of flooring options, such as terrazzo and ceramic tiles. There are three main types of epoxy floor coatings, each of which possesses a unique set of characteristics. Understanding the distinctive features of each type of epoxy can help you choose the variant that best suits your floor's needs.

Water Based Epoxy

Water based epoxy coatings are made out of a mixture of water and various chemicals. This has two main benefits: first, the water makes the epoxy very thin, which makes the installation process much easier, as it takes less effort to spread the epoxy mixture across the floor. Second, because it is water based, it is easy to clean up spilled epoxy (or epoxy that has been applied in the wrong area) by using a rag and some warm water. Water based epoxies also release fewer fumes than their counterparts, making them safer to work with. However, because water based epoxies are water soluble, they are also less durable and will gradually wear away over time due to exposure to moisture and liquids.

Solvent Based Epoxy

Solvent based epoxies are made out of a mixture of solvents and dissolved solids. As the mixture dries, the solvents evaporate, and the dissolved solids in the mixture harden rapidly over the surface of the floor, creating a highly durable protective surface that can withstand a great deal of physical trauma without becoming damaged. However, solvent based epoxies are not environmentally friendly and have been banned or outlawed in some states and countries. Furthermore, the fumes released by solvent based epoxies can be harmful to your health. Check with your local regulations before using a solvent based epoxy for your flooring project.

Solid Based Epoxy

Sometimes also referred to as the 100% solids epoxy, this type of flooring epoxy has no liquid base that water and solvent based epoxies have. However, this type of epoxy is extremely durable, as the mixture is completely made out of materials that will form the protective layer. It is able to withstand chemical reactions, water and moisture exposure, and physical damage better than the other types of epoxy coatings. However, solid based epoxies are much harder to install, driving up financial and time expenditures, as the epoxy is not viscous and thus cannot be spread in a layer over the floor quickly or easily.

For more information, contact Thayer Decorating Center or a similar location.